Recent work directed toward understanding the molecular features of advanced prostate cancers has revealed a relatively high incidence of both germline and somatic alterations in genes involved in DNA damage repair (DDR). Many of these alterations likely play a critical role in the pathogenesis of more aggressive prostate cancers—leading to genomic instability and an increased probability of the development of lethal disease. However, because the ability to repair DNA damage with a high degree of fidelity is critical to an individual cell’s survival, tumor cells harboring alterations in DDR pathway genes are also more susceptible to drugs that induce DNA damage or impair alternative DNA repair pathways. In addition, because the genomic instability that results from these alterations can lead to an inherently higher number of mutations than occur in cells with intact DDR pathways, patients with genomic instability may be more likely to respond to immune checkpoint inhibitors, presumably owing to a correspondingly high neoantigen burden. In this review, we discuss the emerging molecular taxonomy that is providing a framework for precision oncology initiatives aimed at developing targeted approaches for treating prostate cancer.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Clinical Advances in Hematology and Oncology|
|State||Published - Oct 2017|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Dr Antonarakis has served as a paid consultant or advisor for Janssen, Astellas Pharma, Sanofi, Dendreon, Essa Pharma, Medivation, Merck, Clovis Oncology, and AstraZeneca; has received institutional research funding from Janssen, Johnson & Johnson, Sanofi, Dendreon, Genentech, Novartis, Tokai Pharmaceuticals, Merck, and AstraZeneca; and is a coinventor of a biomarker technology that has been licensed to Tokai Pharmaceuticals and Qiagen. Dr Schweizer has received institutional research funding from Janssen.
© 2017, Millennium Medical Publishing, Inc. All rights reserved.
- Checkpoint inhibitor
- DNA damage repair
- Homologous recombination
- Mismatch repair
- PARP inhibitor
- Prostate cancer