Profoundly improving flow properties of a cohesive cellulose powder by surface coating with nano-silica through comilling

Sayantan Chattoraj, Limin Shi, Calvin Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

Poor flow properties hinder the easy handling of powders during industrial-scale processing. In this work, we show that powder flow can be substantially improved by reducing the cohesion of powders by coating them with nanosized guest particles. We further show that comilling is an efficient process for nanocoating. We have systematically investigated the effects of total number of comilling cycles (10-70 cycles) and silica loading (0-1.0wt %) on the flow behavior of a highly cohesive and poorly flowing grade of microcrystalline cellulose powder (Avicel PH105). Optimum flow enhancement has been achieved with 1.0wt % silica loading at 40 comilling cycles. The flow properties of nanocoated Avicel PH105 are comparable to those of Avicel PH102, which exhibits adequate flowability for processing on a high-speed tablet press. Comilling is fast and suitable for continuous processing. It shows potential for addressing industrial powder handling problems caused by poor powder flow properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4943-4952
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume100
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2011

Keywords

  • Coating
  • Comilling
  • Excipients
  • Materials science
  • Microcrystalline cellulose
  • Nanotechnology
  • Powder flow
  • Processing
  • Silica

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