Objective To determine the impact of the degree of hypothermia on surgical outcomes in patients undergoing repair of acute type A aortic dissection.
Results Preoperative acute kidney injury was higher in the PH group (18.9% vs 5.3%, P =.01). Axillary or direct aortic cannulation was more prevalent in the MH group (33.9% vs 11.1%, P =.01). The duration of circulatory arrest was 25.9 ± 14.3 and 28.9 ± 19.9 minutes in the MH and PH groups, respectively (P =.3). The composite outcome of mortality, low cardiac output syndrome or stroke was higher in the PH group (52.8% vs 24%, P <.001). Cardiopulmonary bypass time and blood transfusion were significantly higher in the PH group (P =.04). By multivariable analysis (C = 0.80), PH (odds ratio [OR], 7.6; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.0-21.1) and preoperative shock (OR, 3.5; 95% CI, 1.3-10.1) were independent predictors of the composite outcome.
Conclusions MH was independently associated with a lower risk of a composite outcome of mortality and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events during repair of acute type A dissection. Use of moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest avoids the detrimental effects of PH without an increase in the risk of neurologic injury in this study.