Profiles of Risk and Protection for Violence and Bullying Perpetration Among Adolescent Boys

Lindsay A. Taliaferro, Jennifer L. Doty, Amy L. Gower, Katherine Querna, Michael J. Rovito

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    15 Scopus citations


    BACKGROUND: Violence and bullying perpetration among boys are major public health problems. We address gaps in the literature by examining: (1) how risk and protective factors co-occur, and (2) how different risk/protection profiles are associated with violence and bullying perpetration among adolescent boys. METHODS: Data came from the population-based 2016 Minnesota Student Survey. The analytic sample included boys in grades 8, 9, and 11 (N = 63,818). Latent profile analyses identified patterns of 22 behavioral, intrapersonal, family, and school and community risk/protective factors. Logistic regression analyses examined how these patterns related to violence and bullying perpetration. RESULTS: We identified 5 groups: Class 1: Low risk, high safety, high connectedness; Class 2: Low risk, moderate safety, moderate connectedness; Class 3: Moderate risk, high safety, moderate connectedness; Class 4: High risk, moderate safety, low connectedness; and Class 5: High risk, low safety, low connectedness. Compared to Class 1, Class 5 students had the highest odds of all for violence and bullying perpetration. Class 4 students also demonstrated high odds of violence and bullying, compared to Class 1. Though not as high as Classes 4 or 5, Class 2 and 3 students showed higher odds for both outcomes, compared to Class 1. CONCLUSIONS: Substantive variations exist in boys who engage in violence and bullying. We highlight cumulative, co-occurring risk factors, connectedness to parents and other prosocial adults (eg, teachers), and school and neighborhood safety as important factors to address in school health programs seeking to prevent violence and bullying perpetration among boys.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)212-223
    Number of pages12
    JournalJournal of School Health
    Issue number3
    StatePublished - Mar 1 2020

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher Copyright:
    © 2020, American School Health Association


    • bullying
    • child and adolescent health
    • public health
    • risk behaviors
    • violence


    Dive into the research topics of 'Profiles of Risk and Protection for Violence and Bullying Perpetration Among Adolescent Boys'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this