Professional values, value conflicts, and assessments of the duty-hour restrictions after six years: A multi-institutional study of surgical faculty and residents

James E. Coverdill, Alfredo M. Carbonell, Thomas H. Cogbill, Jonathan Fryer, George M. Fuhrman, Kristi L. Harold, Jonathan R. Hiatt, Richard A. Moore, Don K. Nakayama, M. Timothy Nelson, Marc Schlatter, Richard A. Sidwell, John L. Tarpley, Paula M. Termuhlen, Christopher Wohltmann, John D. Mellinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background The aim of this study was to explore professional values, value conflicts, and assessments of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's duty-hour restrictions. Methods Questionnaires distributed at 15 general surgery programs yielded a response rate of 82% (286 faculty members and 306 residents). Eighteen items were examined via mean differences, percentages in agreement, and significance tests. Follow-up interviews with 110 participants were explored for main themes. Results Residents and faculty members differed slightly with respect to core values but substantially as to whether the restrictions conflict with core values or compromise care. The average residentfaculty member gap for those 13 items was 35 percentage points. Interview evidence indicates consensus over professional values, a gulf between individualistic and team orientations, frequent moral dilemmas, and concerns about the assumption of responsibility by residents and "real-world" training. Conclusions The divide between residents and faculty members over conflicts between the restrictions, core values, and patient care poses a significant issue and represents a challenge in educating the next generation of surgeons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-23
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Volume201
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

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Interviews
Graduate Medical Education
Accreditation
Patient Care
Surgeons
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Duty-hour restrictions
  • Professional values
  • Surgical faculty members
  • Surgical residents
  • Value conflicts

Cite this

Professional values, value conflicts, and assessments of the duty-hour restrictions after six years : A multi-institutional study of surgical faculty and residents. / Coverdill, James E.; Carbonell, Alfredo M.; Cogbill, Thomas H.; Fryer, Jonathan; Fuhrman, George M.; Harold, Kristi L.; Hiatt, Jonathan R.; Moore, Richard A.; Nakayama, Don K.; Nelson, M. Timothy; Schlatter, Marc; Sidwell, Richard A.; Tarpley, John L.; Termuhlen, Paula M.; Wohltmann, Christopher; Mellinger, John D.

In: American journal of surgery, Vol. 201, No. 1, 01.01.2011, p. 16-23.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Coverdill, JE, Carbonell, AM, Cogbill, TH, Fryer, J, Fuhrman, GM, Harold, KL, Hiatt, JR, Moore, RA, Nakayama, DK, Nelson, MT, Schlatter, M, Sidwell, RA, Tarpley, JL, Termuhlen, PM, Wohltmann, C & Mellinger, JD 2011, 'Professional values, value conflicts, and assessments of the duty-hour restrictions after six years: A multi-institutional study of surgical faculty and residents', American journal of surgery, vol. 201, no. 1, pp. 16-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2010.06.015
Coverdill, James E. ; Carbonell, Alfredo M. ; Cogbill, Thomas H. ; Fryer, Jonathan ; Fuhrman, George M. ; Harold, Kristi L. ; Hiatt, Jonathan R. ; Moore, Richard A. ; Nakayama, Don K. ; Nelson, M. Timothy ; Schlatter, Marc ; Sidwell, Richard A. ; Tarpley, John L. ; Termuhlen, Paula M. ; Wohltmann, Christopher ; Mellinger, John D. / Professional values, value conflicts, and assessments of the duty-hour restrictions after six years : A multi-institutional study of surgical faculty and residents. In: American journal of surgery. 2011 ; Vol. 201, No. 1. pp. 16-23.
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