Productivity and efficiency impacts of human resources practices in food retailing

Timothy A. Park, Elizabeth E. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Data from an annual survey of US supermarkets including detailed information on store characteristics, operations, and performance are used to develop an index of Human Resource (HR) practices for food retailers. A stochastic frontier analysis demonstrates that HR policies have a positive impact on value added in food retailing establishments while efficiency is not adversely influenced by HR practices. Managerial implications of the model link technical inefficiency estimates for retailers to slight declines in store level gross margins. Evaluated on the basis of technical efficiency, retailers choosing a portfolio of HR practices that score high on the HR index are able to match the performance of competitors pursuing an alternative low HR strategy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4689-4697
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Economics
Issue number30
StatePublished - Dec 2011


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