Production of shiga toxin by a luxS mutant of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in vivo and in vitro

Byeonghwa Jeon, Kikuji Itoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Quorum sensing is a type of bacterial communication mediated by chemical signaling molecules called autoinducers (AIs). The production of AI-2 and AI-3 is dependent on the luxS gene in Escherichia coli O157:H7. A luxS mutation caused a minimal decrease (about 2-fold) in Shiga toxin (Stx) production in in vitro cultures using Luria-Bertani broth. The effect of a luxS mutation on the virulence of E. coli O157:H7 was examined by using germfree mice. There were no differences between the luxS mutant and the wild-type in the bacterial counts in feces shedding, Stx production, or the survival of the mice. The treatment of ciprofloxacin decreased the bacteria in feces but increased the Stx production. However, even treatment with ciprofloxacin did not make any difference between the luxS mutant and the wild-type in animal experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)391-396
Number of pages6
JournalMicrobiology and Immunology
Volume51
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2007

Keywords

  • Escherichia coli O157:H7
  • Germfree mice
  • Quorum sensing
  • Shiga toxin

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