Production of hydrocarbon-rich bio-oil from soapstock via fast microwave-assisted catalytic pyrolysis

Leilei Dai, Liangliang Fan, Dengle Duan, Roger Ruan, Yunpu Wang, Yuhuan Liu, Yue Zhou, Zhenting Yu, Yuezhen Liu, Lin Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fast microwave-assisted catalytic pyrolysis (fMACP) of soapstock for hydrocarbon-rich bio-oil using different catalysts was investigated in this study. Effects of catalyst, pyrolysis temperature and catalyst to feed ratio on product fractional yields and chemical composition were studied. Experimental results indicated that the use of catalyst increased the relative content of hydrocarbons and selectivity of aromatics. Moreover, HZSM-5 catalyst enhanced the bio-oil yield. When HZSM-5 zeolite was used as a catalyst, 600 °C was the optimal pyrolysis temperature, which provides the maximum bio-oil yield and high content of hydrocarbons. At the cost of the decrease of bio-oil yield, the increase of catalyst to feed ratio increased the relative content of hydrocarbons from 65.41% to 88.59% and selectivity of aromatics from 5.99% to 29.46%. In addition, the analytical results of bio-char show that bio-char with micropore structure and high contents of the essential plant nutrients and micronutrients can be used as a soil amendment to improve soil productivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)356-362
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis
Volume125
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2017

Keywords

  • Bio-oil
  • Catalyst
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Microwave-assisted pyrolysis
  • Soapstock

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