Procrastination in college students: The role of self-efficacy and anxiety

Laurel A. Haycock, Patricia McCarthy, Carol L. Skay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

189 Scopus citations


In this study, the authors examined the relationships among procrastination, efficacy expectations, anxiety, gender, and age for 141 university students. Participants were asked to think about a major project and to rate their efficacy regarding the skills needed to accomplish the project. Bivariate correlations showed that efficacy expectations and anxiety had significant, individual relationships with procrastination. When these variables were entered into a regression model, only cumulative efficacy strength was a significant predictor of procrastination. Implications for practice and research suggestions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)317-324
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Counseling and Development
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1998


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