Processing-induced phase transitions of theophylline - Implications on the dissolution of theophylline tablets

Jaidev S. Tantry, Jitesh Tank, Raj Suryanarayanan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aqueous wet massing of stable anhydrous theophylline (A) with polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) resulted in its complete transformation to theophylline monohydrate (M). Drying at 45°C, resulted in the formation of metastable anhydrous theophylline (A*) which then transformed to A. PVP, a known crystallization inhibitor, was effective in inhibiting the A* → A transition. The higher molecular weight polymer, PVP K90, was more effective in inhibiting the A* → A transition as compared to PVP K17. The disappearance of M, and the formation of A* and A was simultaneously monitored by XRD. An increase in the drying temperature from 45 to 55°C accelerated the A* → A transition. In granules prepared by the high-shear process, approximately 50% of theophylline existed as A and the rest as A*. In contrast, the fluid-bed granulation process yielded granules containing only A. Thus, the physical form of theophylline in tablets was influenced by the molecular weight of the binding agent, the granulation method, and the drying temperature. Using A as the starting material, tablets were manufactured by high-shear aqueous wet granulation process and the A* content was quantified. These tablets were stored under various relative humidity (RH) conditions at 25°C for 2 weeks. Storage at RH ≥ 33% caused complete A* → A conversion accompanied by a pronounced decrease in the initial dissolution rate indicating that phase transitions during processing and storage can have a significant influence on product performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1434-1444
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume96
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2007

Keywords

  • Dissolution
  • Fluid-bed
  • Granulation
  • In-line
  • Metastable
  • PVP
  • Phase transition
  • Processing
  • Theophylline
  • X-ray diffractometry

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