Processing complexity and sentence memory: Evidence from amnesia

Lewis P. Shapiro, Patrick McNamara, Edgar Zurif, Susan Lanzoni, Laird Cermak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examines sentence memory as a function of linguistic processing complexity in amnesic patients. Sentence length as well as lexical and syntactic complexity were manipulated in two sentence repetition experiments. It was found that the amnesic patients performed considerably worse than the control subjects and that performance decreased: (1) when sentence length was increased by the addition of adjuncts compared to arguments of the verb; (2) when the verb selected more thematic frames; and (3) when sentences involved "empty" argument positions that must be linked to antecedents, particularly across clausal boundaries. These data showed how linguistic complexity affects sentence memory and implied that the amnesic deficit did not involve a generalized difficulty for materials of similar length, rather, the deficit was specific to certain representational types and processing routines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)431-453
Number of pages23
JournalBrain and Language
Volume42
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1992
Externally publishedYes

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