Processes That Mediate the Relationship Between a Group Goal and Improved Group Performance

Elizabeth Weldon, Karen A. Jehn, Priti Pradhan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The relationships between the level of a group performance goal for quantity, group process, and group performance were assessed. Forty groups of 3 people performed 3 trials of a production task. One half of the groups were assigned a low goal for Sessions 2 and 3, and one half were assigned a high goal. To measure group process, videotapes of each group were analyzed and self-reports of behavior were collected. A significant difference in performance across the high and low goal conditions was found for Session 3, and measures of group process showed that effort, group planning, changes in individual and group performance plans, and reduced concern for quality mediated the group goal effect. These results are discussed in relation to Weldon and Weingart's (1988) model of group goals and group performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)555-569
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of personality and social psychology
Volume61
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1991

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