Procedural Training and Education: A Multimodal and Interactive Approach

Alex J. Deakyne, Mikayle A. Holm, Susana Arango, Tjorvi E. Perry, Paul A. Iaizzo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Due to major technological advances over the last few decades, both virtual reality and 3D printing have seen increased uses for procedural training and education within the medical field: There are widespread applications of such in medical schools across the United States and around the world. Many investigators are studying the ways that these modalities can be used for enhancing educational and patient outcomes. While many investigators are studying the advantages of 3D physical objects or virtual scenery separately, here describe as the combined uses of these two modalities into a “mixed reality experiences”: This may exponentially enhance the user’s understanding of complex cardiovascular anatomies during procedural training or applied education.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHeart Valves
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Design to Clinical Implantation
PublisherSpringer Science+Business Media
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9783031255410
ISBN (Print)9783031255403
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2013, 2023.


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