Probabilistic analysis of activation volumes generated during deep brain stimulation

Christopher R. Butson, Scott E. Cooper, Jaimie M. Henderson, Barbara Wolgamuth, Cameron C. McIntyre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Scopus citations

Abstract

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an established therapy for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD) and shows great promise for the treatment of several other disorders. However, while the clinical analysis of DBS has received great attention, a relative paucity of quantitative techniques exists to define the optimal surgical target and most effective stimulation protocol for a given disorder. In this study we describe a methodology that represents an evolutionary addition to the concept of a probabilistic brain atlas, which we call a probabilistic stimulation atlas (PSA). We outline steps to combine quantitative clinical outcome measures with advanced computational models of DBS to identify regions where stimulation-induced activation could provide the best therapeutic improvement on a per-symptom basis. While this methodology is relevant to any form of DBS, we present example results from subthalamic nucleus (STN) DBS for PD. We constructed patient-specific computer models of the volume of tissue activated (VTA) for 163 different stimulation parameter settings which were tested in six patients. We then assigned clinical outcome scores to each VTA and compiled all of the VTAs into a PSA to identify stimulation-induced activation targets that maximized therapeutic response with minimal side effects. The results suggest that selection of both electrode placement and clinical stimulation parameter settings could be tailored to the patient's primary symptoms using patient-specific models and PSAs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2096-2104
Number of pages9
JournalNeuroImage
Volume54
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2011

Keywords

  • Computational model
  • Neuromodulation
  • Neurostimulation
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Subthalamic nucleus

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Probabilistic analysis of activation volumes generated during deep brain stimulation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this