Priority Setting for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

Derric Pennington, Taylor Ricketts, Robin Naidoo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Prioritizing land for conservation often competes with other societal objectives, such as housing developments, recreation, agricultural or industrial development, and resource extraction. The number of potentially competing objectives can complicate conservation planning decisions. Although there are potential tradeoffs among conservation for biodiversity, ecosystem services (ecological processes benefiting people), and economic costs, a systemic planning framework can help to identify synergies. By comparing alternative options for prioritizing conservation efforts, tradeoffs among various objectives can be evaluated, including conserving biodiversity, supplying ecosystem services, and minimizing costs. Herein, the recent research that is advancing these frontiers is described.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Biodiversity
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9780123847195
ISBN (Print)9780123847201
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013


  • Biodiversity
  • Conservation planning
  • Cost effectiveness
  • Ecosystem services
  • Land management
  • Land use/land cover pattern
  • Natural capital
  • Optimal land use in the landscape
  • Prioritization
  • Tradeoffs


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