Primordial beryllium as a big bang calorimeter

Maxim Pospelov, Josef Pradler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many models of new physics including variants of supersymmetry predict metastable long-lived particles that can decay during or after primordial nucleosynthesis, releasing significant amounts of nonthermal energy. The hadronic energy injection in these decays leads to the formation of Be9 via the chain of nonequilibrium transformations: Energyh→T, He3→He6, Li6→Be9. We calculate the efficiency of this transformation and show that if the injection happens at cosmic times of a few hours the release of O(10MeV) per baryon can be sufficient for obtaining a sizable Be9 abundance. The absence of a plateau structure in the Be9/H abundance down to a O(10-14) level allows one to use beryllium as a robust constraint on new physics models with decaying or annihilating particles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number121305
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume106
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 23 2011
Externally publishedYes

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