Prime time: 12-month sexual health outcomes of a clinic-based intervention to prevent pregnancy risk behaviors

Renee E. Sieving, Barbara J. McMorris, Kara J. Beckman, Sandra L. Pettingell, Molly Secor-Turner, Kari Kugler, Ann W. Garwick, Michael D. Resnick, Linda H. Bearinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Purpose Prime Time, a youth development intervention, aims to reduce pregnancy risk among adolescent girls seeking clinic service who are at high risk for pregnancy. This article examines sexual risk behaviors and hypothesized psychosocial mediators after 12 months of the Prime Time intervention. Methods This study was a randomized controlled trial with 253 girls aged 1317 years meeting specified risk criteria. Intervention participants were involved in Prime Time programming plus usual clinic services for 18 months, control participants received usual clinic services. The intervention used a combination of case management and peer leadership programs. Participants in this interim outcomes study completed self-report surveys at baseline and 12 months after enrollment. Surveys assessed sexual risk behaviors and psychosocial factors targeted for change by Prime Time. Results At the 12-month interim, the intervention group reported more consistent use of condoms, hormonal contraception, and dual contraceptive methods with their most recent partner as compared with the control group. The intervention group also reported greater stress management skills with trends toward higher levels of prosocial connectedness at school and with family. No between-group differences were noted in psychosocial measures specific to sex and contraceptive use. Conclusion Preventing early pregnancy among high-risk adolescents requires multifaceted, sustained approaches. An important research focus involves testing youth development interventions offered through clinic settings, where access to high-risk adolescents is plentiful and few efforts have emphasized a dual approach of building protective factors while addressing risk. Findings suggest that youth development interventions through clinic settings hold promise in reducing pregnancy risk among high-risk youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)172-179
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 2011

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This project is supported with funds from the National Institute of Nursing Research (5R01-NR008778) and from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U48-DP001939 and T01-DP000112). The views presented do not necessarily reflect those of the funders. The Prime Time study would not have been possible without the cooperation and contributions of the young women, clinics and research staff involved with this project. The authors also thank Jenna Baumgartner for her excellent editorial assistance with manuscript preparation.


  • Adolescent clinical services
  • Randomized trial
  • Teen pregnancy prevention
  • Vulnerable populations
  • Youth development interventions


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