We have determined the primary structure of a 4.7-kb portion of the ribosomal DNA intergenic spacer from cultured cells of the mosquito, Aedes albopictus. Immediately upstream from the 18S rRNA gene was a 753-bp sequence containing two regions similar to known RNA polymerase I promoters, each preceded by potential transcription termination signals. Upstream from this putative promoter region was a 3.15-kb tandem array of 17 direct repeats with a consensus sequence length of 201 bp. The 201-bp repeats contained imperfect antisense duplications of 11-bp core domain regions in the putative RNA polymerase I promoters, and sequences of possible significance in recombination. Farthest upstream of the 18S rRNA gene was an 803-bp region containing two copies each of 34-, 48-, and 64-bp elements separated by apparently unique sequence. This first detailed structural analysis of a ribosomal DNA intergenic spacer from a member of the lower Diptera has revealed features similar to those described for the higher Diptera as well as conserved motifs presumably critical to rRNA transcription.