Primary cavity-site selection by birds.

S. K. Swallow, R. J. Gutierrez, R. A. Howard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Forest characterisitics (total snag basal area, tree species diversity, and number of tree species) were more reliable predictors of bird use than were snag characterisitics (diameter at breast height, amount of bark, height, and species). Snag management based on selecting suitable forest sites and on maintaining or creating suitable snags within those sites is recommended. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)576-583
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Wildlife Management
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes


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