Preventive effects of black soybean seed coat polyphenols against DNA damage in Salmonella typhimurium

Tianshun Zhang, Kyuichi Kawabata, Rei Kitano, Hitoshi Ashida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Black soybean seed coat is a rich source of polyphenols reported to have various physiological functions. The present study investigated the potential protective effectsof polyphenolic extracts from black soybean seed coat on mutagen-induced DNA damage in Salmonella typhimurium. Results from the Ames test using Salmonella stains revealed that black soybean seed coat extract (BE) at 5000 μg/plate showed neither mutagenicity nor cytotoxicity. In contrast, BE, its component cyanidin 3-glucoside (C3G), or procyanidin-rich BE (PC-rich BE) dose-dependently inhibited B(a)P- and 4NQO-induced mutagenesis in the rank order: C3G > BE > PC-rich BE. At 5 μM/plate, C3G and procyanidins, the major polyphenols in BE, inhibited B(a)P-induced mutagenesis in TA 98 and TA 100by 28 - 59%. They also inhibited 4NQOinduced mutagenesis by 26 - 56%. Collectively, we found that C3G and procyanidins, which are the main active compounds in BE, effectivelyprotected against DNA mutagenic damage in Salmonella typhimurium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)685-690
Number of pages6
JournalFood Science and Technology Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Ames test
  • Black soybean seed coat extract
  • Cyanidin 3-glucoside
  • DNA damage
  • Procyanidins


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