Prevention of cigarette smoking: Three-year follow-up of an education program for youth

Russell V Luepker, C. Anderson Johnson, David M. Murray, Terry F. Pechacek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations

Abstract

We reported previously on the success of an innovative approach to cigarette smoking prevention in seventh-grade students. The present report describes a 3-year follow-up of three schools and 1081 sutdents initially involved in the research program. The curriculum emphasizes the shortterm influences which affect smoking in youth, particularly social and peer influences. In the school which received this curriculum from likeaged peer leaders, the incidence of smoking remained low compared to that in a control school. Those who did smoke in this school consumed significantly fewer cigarettes. In the school where the curriculum was adult taught, smoking rates were initially lower but rose in the later years, ultimately differing little from those in the control school. Reported smoking behavior was confirmed by saliva ihiocyanate measurement in all students. Cigarette smoking behavior appears significantly inhibited by a peer-taught curriculum and that effect is retained for several years after the education program.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-62
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1983

Keywords

  • adolescent smoking
  • cigarettes
  • health education
  • smoking prevention
  • thiocyanates

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