Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in international adoptees within the first 6 months after adoption

Kimara L Gustafson, Judith K Eckerle, Cynthia R Howard, Beth Andrews, Lynda E. Polgreen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Vitamin D deficiency impairs bone health and development. Objective. To determine the prevalence of and risk factors for vitamin D deficiency in pediatric international adoptees. Methods. A prospective cohort (N = 189) study from a single international adoption clinic was conducted. Total 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] level was measured at the initial clinical assessment (within 6 months of adoption). Vitamin D deficiency was defined as a 25(OH)D <20 ng/mL (<8 nmol/L) and insufficiency as 25(OH)D <30 ng/mL (<12 nmol/L). Results. Vitamin D deficiency was diagnosed in 8% and insufficiency in 27% of the cohort. Lower body mass index and longer time in an institution were associated with vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency independent of age. Conclusions. Vitamin D insufficiency was common in our cohort of international adoptees. The significance of vitamin D insufficiency on bone development during the typical catch-up growth following international adoption needs to be determined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1149-1153
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Pediatrics
Volume52
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013

Fingerprint

Vitamin D Deficiency
Vitamin D
Bone Development
Body Mass Index
Pediatrics
Health
Growth

Keywords

  • bone
  • global health
  • pediatrics

Cite this

Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in international adoptees within the first 6 months after adoption. / Gustafson, Kimara L; Eckerle, Judith K; Howard, Cynthia R; Andrews, Beth; Polgreen, Lynda E.

In: Clinical Pediatrics, Vol. 52, No. 12, 01.12.2013, p. 1149-1153.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a457bd87b0fc4328a12dd5ecc0a9f284,
title = "Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in international adoptees within the first 6 months after adoption",
abstract = "Background. Vitamin D deficiency impairs bone health and development. Objective. To determine the prevalence of and risk factors for vitamin D deficiency in pediatric international adoptees. Methods. A prospective cohort (N = 189) study from a single international adoption clinic was conducted. Total 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] level was measured at the initial clinical assessment (within 6 months of adoption). Vitamin D deficiency was defined as a 25(OH)D <20 ng/mL (<8 nmol/L) and insufficiency as 25(OH)D <30 ng/mL (<12 nmol/L). Results. Vitamin D deficiency was diagnosed in 8{\%} and insufficiency in 27{\%} of the cohort. Lower body mass index and longer time in an institution were associated with vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency independent of age. Conclusions. Vitamin D insufficiency was common in our cohort of international adoptees. The significance of vitamin D insufficiency on bone development during the typical catch-up growth following international adoption needs to be determined.",
keywords = "bone, global health, pediatrics",
author = "Gustafson, {Kimara L} and Eckerle, {Judith K} and Howard, {Cynthia R} and Beth Andrews and Polgreen, {Lynda E.}",
year = "2013",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0009922813495955",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "52",
pages = "1149--1153",
journal = "Clinical Pediatrics",
issn = "0009-9228",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in international adoptees within the first 6 months after adoption

AU - Gustafson, Kimara L

AU - Eckerle, Judith K

AU - Howard, Cynthia R

AU - Andrews, Beth

AU - Polgreen, Lynda E.

PY - 2013/12/1

Y1 - 2013/12/1

N2 - Background. Vitamin D deficiency impairs bone health and development. Objective. To determine the prevalence of and risk factors for vitamin D deficiency in pediatric international adoptees. Methods. A prospective cohort (N = 189) study from a single international adoption clinic was conducted. Total 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] level was measured at the initial clinical assessment (within 6 months of adoption). Vitamin D deficiency was defined as a 25(OH)D <20 ng/mL (<8 nmol/L) and insufficiency as 25(OH)D <30 ng/mL (<12 nmol/L). Results. Vitamin D deficiency was diagnosed in 8% and insufficiency in 27% of the cohort. Lower body mass index and longer time in an institution were associated with vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency independent of age. Conclusions. Vitamin D insufficiency was common in our cohort of international adoptees. The significance of vitamin D insufficiency on bone development during the typical catch-up growth following international adoption needs to be determined.

AB - Background. Vitamin D deficiency impairs bone health and development. Objective. To determine the prevalence of and risk factors for vitamin D deficiency in pediatric international adoptees. Methods. A prospective cohort (N = 189) study from a single international adoption clinic was conducted. Total 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] level was measured at the initial clinical assessment (within 6 months of adoption). Vitamin D deficiency was defined as a 25(OH)D <20 ng/mL (<8 nmol/L) and insufficiency as 25(OH)D <30 ng/mL (<12 nmol/L). Results. Vitamin D deficiency was diagnosed in 8% and insufficiency in 27% of the cohort. Lower body mass index and longer time in an institution were associated with vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency independent of age. Conclusions. Vitamin D insufficiency was common in our cohort of international adoptees. The significance of vitamin D insufficiency on bone development during the typical catch-up growth following international adoption needs to be determined.

KW - bone

KW - global health

KW - pediatrics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84887465579&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84887465579&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0009922813495955

DO - 10.1177/0009922813495955

M3 - Article

C2 - 23872345

AN - SCOPUS:84887465579

VL - 52

SP - 1149

EP - 1153

JO - Clinical Pediatrics

JF - Clinical Pediatrics

SN - 0009-9228

IS - 12

ER -