Prevalence of periodontal pathogens with varying metabolic control of diabetes mellitus

Tellervo Tervonen, Richard C. Oliver, Larry F. Wolff, Jana Bereuter, Lu Ann Anderson, Dorothy M. Aeppli

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52 Scopus citations


Abstract. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of 5 periodontal pathogens in individuals with diabetes mellitus. Subjects (n= 107) 20–70 years of age with type 1 (n= 60) or 2 (n= 47) diabetes mellitus were studied for the occurrence of the periodontal pathogens A. actinomycetemcomitans, F. nude‐alum, E. corrodens, P. gingivalis and P. intermedia. Subgingival plaque was sampled in each subject from a single site exhibiting the greatest inflammation. The evaluation of selected periodontal bacterial pathogens was based on an immunoassay utilizing bacterial specific monoclonal antibodies. 35% of the sites harbored P. gingivalis, 28%F. nucleatum and 21%E. corrodens. A. actinomycetemcomitans and P. intermedia were found in less than 10% of the sites. Subjects for whom the probing depth at the sampled site was 4 mm were more often found to have detectable pathogens than those with a probing depth 3 mm. Diabetic factors such as duration, type and metabolic control of the disease had no statistically significant effect on the prevalence of these bacteria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)375-379
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of clinical periodontology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jul 1994


  • bacterial pathogens
  • control of diabetes
  • diabetes mellitus
  • periodontal disease


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