Prevalence of Maternal Fever and Associated Factors among Postnatal Women at Kawempe National Referral Hospital, Uganda: A Preliminary Study

Hilda Ainebyona, Elizabeth Ayebare, Allen Nabisere, Melissa A. Saftner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Fever is one of the most important signs of infection and can provide useful information for further assessment, diagnosis, and management. Early detection of postnatal fever could reduce severe outcomes, such as maternal mortality due to puerperal sepsis. The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to determine the prevalence of and associated factors of postnatal fever among postnatal women at Kawempe National Referral Hospital. Three hundred postnatal women were recruited. Temperature measurements were conducted and a 29-item questionnaire was completed along with the extraction of health history from the medical records of the participants. The prevalence of maternal fever was 58/300 (19.3%). Multivariable analysis indicated that only four factors—HIV-positive status (AOR = 2.56; 95% CI = 1.02–6.37), labor complications (AOR = 6.53; 95% CI = 2.40–17.71), prolonged labor (AOR = 3.12; 95% CI = 1.11–8.87), and more than 24 h spent in postnatal care (AOR = 5.16; 95% CI = 2.19–12.16)—were found to be significantly associated with postnatal fever. The prevalence of postnatal maternal fever among postnatal women at Kawempe National Referral Hospital was higher than that in other reports in the literature. The factors significantly associated with maternal fever were HIV-positive status, complications during labor, prolonged labor, and more than 24 h spent in postnatal care. Health workers involved in the provision of labor and obstetric services must follow guidelines to assess fever and manage the underlying conditions causing it.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number316
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 by the authors.

Keywords

  • Uganda
  • factors associated with postnatal fever
  • postnatal fever
  • puerperal sepsis

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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