Prevalence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in Cameroonian blood donors

Stephanie M. Lauden, Stella Chongwain, Anzeh Achidi, Ethan Helm, Sarah Cusick, Amelia Krug, Tina M Slusher, Troy C Lund

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Deficiency in G6PD is the most common enzymopathy worldwide. It is frequently found in individuals of African descent in whom it can lead to hemolytic crises triggered by the use of certain antimalarial medications and infection. The prevalence of G6PD deficiency and its contribution to morbidity in West Africa is under-studied. To understand the prevalence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency in West African blood donors. Results: We evaluated the G6PD status and infectious disease screening tests of 1001 adult male Cameroonian blood donors (mean age 31.7 ± 9.8 years). The prevalence of G6PD deficiency was 7.9%. There was no difference in levels of hemoglobin or ABO subtype between those who were G6PD-normal compared to those that were deficient. Interestingly, G6PD-normal vs. deficient blood donors were less likely to have screened positive for hepatitis C virus (p = 0.02) and rapid plasma reagin (indicative of syphilis, p = 0.03). There was no significant difference in hepatitis B sAg, HIV-1, or HIV-2 reactivity between those with vs. without G6PD sufficiency. These data suggest that G6PD deficiency is common among West African male blood donors and may be associated with specific infectious disease exposure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number195
JournalBMC Research Notes
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2 2019

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Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency
Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase
Blood Donors
Blood
Communicable Diseases
Reagins
HIV-2
Western Africa
Antimalarials
Syphilis
Hepatitis B
Hepacivirus
HIV-1
Hemoglobins
Morbidity
Viruses
Infection
Screening
Plasmas

Keywords

  • Africa
  • Blood donor
  • G6PD deficiency

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Prevalence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in Cameroonian blood donors. / Lauden, Stephanie M.; Chongwain, Stella; Achidi, Anzeh; Helm, Ethan; Cusick, Sarah; Krug, Amelia; Slusher, Tina M; Lund, Troy C.

In: BMC Research Notes, Vol. 12, No. 1, 195, 02.04.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lauden, Stephanie M. ; Chongwain, Stella ; Achidi, Anzeh ; Helm, Ethan ; Cusick, Sarah ; Krug, Amelia ; Slusher, Tina M ; Lund, Troy C. / Prevalence of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in Cameroonian blood donors. In: BMC Research Notes. 2019 ; Vol. 12, No. 1.
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