Prevalence of alcohol and other substance use in patients with eating disorders

Farnaz Fouladi, James E. Mitchell, Ross D. Crosby, Scott G. Engel, Scott Crow, Laura Hill, Daniel Le Grange, Pauline Powers, Kristine J. Steffen

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27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective The major aim of this study was to investigate any association between binge eating and purging and alcohol and substance use. Method The Eating Disorder Questionnaire was completed by 2966 patients. Each patient was assigned to an approximate diagnostic group based on a DSM-5-based algorithm. Results Patients with bulimia nervosa (BN) used alcohol/other substances with higher frequencies compared to patients with anorexia nervosa-restricting type (AN-R), binge eating disorder (BED), and eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS; p < 0.001). Patients with anorexia nervosa-binge eating/purging type (AN-BP) were more likely to use alcohol/substances than those with AN-R [odds ratio for alcohol use: 3.58 (p < 0.01); odds ratio for substance use: 30.14 (p < 0.01)]. Higher frequencies of binge eating and purging were associated with higher frequencies of substance use. Discussion Patients who manifest both binge eating and purging behaviour are at higher risk of substance use which may have important treatment implications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)531-536
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Eating Disorders Review
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2015

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Keywords

  • alcohol use
  • binge eating
  • eating disorder
  • purging
  • substance use

Cite this

Fouladi, F., Mitchell, J. E., Crosby, R. D., Engel, S. G., Crow, S., Hill, L., Le Grange, D., Powers, P., & Steffen, K. J. (2015). Prevalence of alcohol and other substance use in patients with eating disorders. European Eating Disorders Review, 23(6), 531-536. https://doi.org/10.1002/erv.2410