Prevalence and social-environmental correlates of sports team participation among Alternative high school students

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Abstract

Background: Alternative high school (AHS) students have low levels of physical activity (PA) and high rates of overweight/obesity. Sports team participation, a specific form of PA, is associated with increased PA and decreased overweight/obesity in general adolescent populations. However, little is known about the prevalenceand correlates of sports team participation among AHS students. Methods: In 2006, students (n = 145; mean age = 17 years; 52% male; 61% minorities; 64% low-income) attending 6 AHS in Minneapolis/St. Paul completed self-administered surveys. Mixed model logistic regression was used to examine cross-sectional associations between sports team participation and school staff support for PA, friend support for PA, and perceived barriers to PA. Results: Among students, 40% participated on ≥ 1 sports teams. Odds of participating on a sports team were positively associated with support for PA from school staff (OR = 1.12, P = .014) and friends (OR = 1.15, P = .005), but inversely associated with perceived barriers to PA (OR = 0.95, P = .014). Conclusion: Results suggest that efforts to increase sports team participation among AHS students should target social-environmental factors. Further study is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)606-612
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Alternative high schools
  • Environmental barriers
  • Social support
  • Team sports

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