Prevalence and associated factor of postpartum depression among mothers living with HIV at an urban postnatal clinic in Uganda

Naomi Kyeremaa Yeboa, Patience Muwanguzi, Connie Olwit, Charles Peter Osingada, Tom Denis Ngabirano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background: Postpartum depression among mothers living with HIV is a significant public health problem due to its effects on engagement in care, HIV disease progression, and an increased risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with postpartum depression among mothers living with HIV. Design: The study employed a cross-sectional quantitative research design. Methods: In this cross-sectional survey, we consecutively recruited 290 participants among mothers attending postnatal, immunization, and family planning clinics at an urban clinic in Uganda. Using an interviewer-administered questionnaire, we collected data on socio-demographics, obstetric, and HIV-related characteristics. Postpartum depression was assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire version 9. We classified participants with Patient Health Questionnaire version 9 scores of ⩾10 as having postpartum depression. We conducted logistic regression to examine the association between postpartum depression and independent variables. Results: The prevalence of postpartum depression was 15.9%. After controlling for other variables, participants who reported poor male partner support were more likely to experience postpartum depression compared to those who had good partner support (adjusted odds ratio = 4.52, confidence interval = 2.31–8.84, p value < 0.001). Conclusion: Mothers living with HIV should be routinely assessed for the presence of depression and male partner support. Health care providers of HIV-infected women should design strategies to promote male partner support for better maternal, infant, and HIV treatment outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalWomen's Health
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2023.


  • depression
  • HIV
  • postpartum
  • Uganda
  • urban

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


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