Pretransplant gut colonization with intrinsically vancomycin-resistant enterococci (iVRE) (Enterococcus gallinarum and Enterococcus casseliflavus) is uncommon and with unknown clinical impact. In a matched-pairs analysis of patients with versus without iVRE colonization (n = 18 in each group), we demonstrated significantly higher 2-year overall survival (86% [95% confidence interval, 52% to 96%] versus 35% [95% confidence interval, 8% to 65]; P <.01) and lower nonrelapse mortality (P <.01) among colonized patients. Putative metabolomes differentiated iVRE from E. faecalis/faecium and may contribute to a healthier gut microbiome in iVRE-colonized patients.
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© 2018 The American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation