Preschool instructional approaches and age 35 health and well-being

Jasmine R. Ernst, Arthur J. Reynolds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study we sought to explore the association between preschool instructional approach and health and well-being at age 35 for a large sample of low-income children. Participants included 989 low-income, minority children who attended Child-Parent Center preschools as part of the Chicago Longitudinal Study from 1983 to 1985. Preschool curriculum was obtained from teacher reports and validated by program evaluators. These data were categorized by raters as: high teacher-directed and child-initiated; low teacher-directed and child-initiated; low teacher-directed and high child-initiated; or high teacher-directed and low child-initiated. Data on adult outcomes were obtained through surveys and administrative records. Those in preschool classrooms with high teacher-directed and child-initiated instruction had increased odds of having a livable wage (Odds Ratio(OR) = 2.02, p = 0.001), and decreased odds of felony arrest (OR = 0.39; p < 0.001), jail or incarceration (OR = 0.35, p = 0.001), and conviction (OR = 0.52, p = 0.002) at age 35 than those in low teacher-directed and child-initiated classrooms. Participants experiencing low teacher-directed and high child-initiated instruction had increased odds of having a livable wage (OR = 2.01, p = 0.002) and decreased odds of felony arrest (OR = 0.46; p < 0.001), jail or incarceration (OR = 0.53; p = 0.023), and conviction (OR = 0.57, p = 0.01) at age 35. Findings were consistent across many model specifications and adjustments for potential attrition bias. Child-initiated instruction in preschool is a robust predictor of adulthood well-being. Early education prevention efforts to establish a blend of child-initiated and teacher-directed teaching philosophies affords the opportunity for long-term impacts on economic and criminal outcomes in adulthood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101498
JournalPreventive Medicine Reports
Volume23
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development [R01HD034294] and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation [OPP1173152].

Funding Information:
Thank you to the Chicago Public School District for their collaboration in data collection, retrieval, and reporting. This work was supported by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development [R01HD034294] and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation [OPP1173152].

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Author(s)

Keywords

  • Early childhood education
  • Health
  • Instruction
  • Longitudinal
  • Preschool
  • Well-being

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Preschool instructional approaches and age 35 health and well-being'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this