Preparation of Scalable Silica-Coated Iron Oxide Nanoparticles for Nanowarming

Zhe Gao, Hattie L. Ring, Anirudh Sharma, Baterdene Namsrai, Nam Tran, Erik B. Finger, Michael Garwood, Christy L. Haynes, John C. Bischof

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Cryopreservation technology allows long-term banking of biological systems. However, a major challenge to cryopreserving organs remains in the rewarming of large volumes (>3 mL), where mechanical stress and ice formation during convective warming cause severe damage. Nanowarming technology presents a promising solution to rewarm organs rapidly and uniformly via inductive heating of magnetic nanoparticles (IONPs) preloaded by perfusion into the organ vasculature. This use requires the IONPs to be produced at scale, heat quickly, be nontoxic, remain stable in cryoprotective agents (CPAs), and be washed out easily after nanowarming. Nanowarming of cells and blood vessels using a mesoporous silica-coated iron oxide nanoparticle (msIONP) in VS55, a common CPA, has been previously demonstrated. However, production of msIONPs is a lengthy, multistep process and provides only mg Fe per batch. Here, a new microporous silica-coated iron oxide nanoparticle (sIONP) that can be produced in as little as 1 d while scaling up to 1.4 g Fe per batch is presented. sIONP high heating, biocompatibility, and stability in VS55 is also verified, and the ability to perfusion load and washout sIONPs from a rat kidney as evidenced by advanced imaging and ICP-OES is demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1901624
JournalAdvanced Science
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020



  • core–shell nanoparticles
  • cryopreservation
  • iron oxide nanoparticles
  • radio frequency warming

How much support was provided by MRSEC?

  • Shared

Reporting period for MRSEC

  • Period 6

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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