PREP-RELATED INTERACTIVE TOXICITY BELIEFS: ASSOCIATIONS WITH STIGMA, SUBSTANCE USE, AND PREP UPTAKE

Natalie M. Brousseau, Driver Redd, Kay Simon, Ryan J. Watson, Valerie A. Earnshaw, Cristian J. Chandler, Kalichman Seth, Lisa A. Eaton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite documented efficacy in reducing HIV transmission, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) uptake among Black sexual minority men (BSMM) is limited. One understudied factor which may impede PrEP uptake is PrEPrelated interactive toxicity beliefs (i.e., believing it is hazardous to use alcohol/drugs while taking PrEP). Data from N = 169 HIV negative BSMM over 4 months showed high rates of agreement with at least one alcohol (78%) or drug (84%) interactive toxicity belief. Univariate analyses showed increased alcohol or drug interactive toxicity beliefs predicted lower PrEP uptake. Multivariable regression suggested those with PrEP-related alcohol or drug interactive toxicity beliefs were more likely to report high PrEP stigma, more negative PrEP beliefs (e.g., concern that taking PrEP disrupts life), and were more likely to use alcohol/drugs (respectively) prior to/during sex. Findings warrant intervention work targeting interactive toxicity beliefs with tailored messaging to mitigate PrEP stigma and correct concerns around substance use and PrEP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-125
Number of pages12
JournalAIDS Education and Prevention
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Guilford Press.

Keywords

  • Black sexual minority men
  • PrEP stigma
  • PrEP uptake
  • alcohol use
  • interactive toxicity beliefs
  • substance use

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

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