Prenatal epidemiology of pediatric tumors.

J. A. Ross, A. R. Swensen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


With the exception of a small percentage of cases attributable to hereditary cancer syndromes (eg, familial retinoblastoma) or genetic syndromes (Down syndrome), the etiology of most childhood cancers is unknown. Recent epidemiologic studies have focused on the prenatal period and have investigated potential associations with parental age, cigarette smoking, birth weight of the child, parental occupational exposures, and specific environmental exposures. The following challenges lie ahead for future epidemiologic studies of childhood cancer: 1) improvement of diagnostic classification; 2) improved methods for exposure assessment; 3) evaluation of data from molecular biology to generate biologically derived hypotheses; and 4) incorporation of markers of genetic susceptibility when feasible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)234-241
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent oncology reports
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2000

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is supported by grants CA75169 and CA79440 from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and by the University of Minnesota Children’s Cancer Fund. The work of Ms. Swensen is supported in part by NIH Training Grant T32 CA09607. The authors thank Catherine Moen for editorial assistance.


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