Prenatal care use and health insurance status.

Charles N Oberg, B. Lia-Hoagberg, C. Skovholt, E. Hodkinson, R. Vanman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Many observers explain the prevalence of inadequate prenatal care in the United States by citing demographic or psychosocial factors. But few have evaluated the barriers faced by women with different health insurance status and socioeconomic backgrounds. In this study of 149 women at six hospitals in Minneapolis, insurance status was significantly related to the source of prenatal care (p less than .0001). Private physicians cared for 52 percent of privately insured, 23 percent of Medicaid-insured, and two percent of uninsured women. Public clinics were the primary source of care for Medicaid and uninsured women, who, compared to privately insured women, experienced longer waiting times (p less than .001) during prenatal visits and were more likely (p less than .01) to lack continuity of care with a provider. Multiple measures, including expanding Medicaid eligibility, may help correct these problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)270-292
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of health care for the poor and underserved
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1991


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