Prenatal and perinatal risk factors for neuroblastoma. A case‐control study

Joseph P. Neglia, W. Anthony Smithson, Paul Gunderson, Frederick L. King, Lawrence J. Singher, Leslie L. Robison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Neuroblastoma is the most common neoplasm in children less than 1 year of age and has one of the earliest incidence peaks of all childhood cancers. Using birth registration data, a matched case‐control study was undertaken to investigate potential prenatal and perinatal risk factors. Ninety‐seven neuroblastoma patients who were born in Minnesota were matched with four controls each. No associations were identified for sex, race, parental age, parental education, complications of pregnancy, labor, or delivery, or the previously reported factors of birth weight greater than 4000 g or gestational duration of 36 weeks or less. In 6.6% of the cases and 0.8% of the controls, physical anomalies were noticed before discharge from the newborn nursery. Of the six anomalies reported in the cases, four were found to be the tumor itself or a complication of it. A significant protective effect (odds ratio (OR), 0.47) was noticed for a maternal history of previous fetal loss. Future studies, including biologic markers and stage stratification, may yield more insight into the cause of this disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2202-2206
Number of pages5
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jun 1 1988

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