Preliminary evaluation of medication therapy management services in assisted living facilities in rural Minnesota

David M. Scott, Mark W. Dewey, Todd A. Johnson, Matthew L. Kessler, Daniel L. Friesner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Objectives: While pharmacists are providing medication therapy management (MTM) services, few programs have been assessed for outcomes, particularly those in rural areas. The objectives are to: 1 ) categorize the number and type of drug-therapy problems (DTPs) that were identified by consultant pharmacists in assisted living facilities, 2) assess resident and administrator satisfaction of consultant pharmacist MTM services, and 3) assess the direct costs of providing MTM services and make some preliminary inferences about the program's economic viability. Design: We conducted a cross-sectional, pilot study at 14 assisted living facilities over a 12-month period. Setting: 14 rural assisted living facilities. Patients: Assisted living facility residents. Intervention: MTM visits were performed by a consultant pharmacist based on the MTM model developed by the American Pharmacists Association. Main Outcome Measures: Patient satisfaction, clinical (DTPs), and economic costs. Results: 130 residents were enrolled with a mean age of 86 years, with 77.7% female. Residents were taking an average of 13 medications (range = 1-29), including prescription and nonprescription drugs. Common medical conditions were hypertension (80.0%), hyperlipidemia (37.7%), and diabetes (20.8%). Residents had an average of 9 comorbidities (range = 2-16) and 304 DTPs (mean 2.3 per resident). Residents reported high mean satisfaction levels with the pharmacist and the services provided. Direct costs of the intervention were $20,372.96, which suggests that only modest gains in overall patient health (or a few major avoided adverse events) caused by the intervention are necessary to ensure the programs economic viability. Conclusion: Through the use of MTM programs to resolve medication problems, pharmacists can improve patient satisfaction with care among assisted living facility residents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)305-319
Number of pages15
JournalConsultant Pharmacist
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2010


  • Chronic disease
  • Consultant pharmacist
  • Drug therapy problems
  • Medication therapy management
  • Outcomes
  • Patient satisfaction
  • Rural health


Dive into the research topics of 'Preliminary evaluation of medication therapy management services in assisted living facilities in rural Minnesota'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this