Preliminary design and simulation of a pneumatic, stored-energy, hybrid orthosis for gait restoration

William K. Durfee, Adam Rivard

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Loss of mobility due to lower limb paralysis is a common result of thoracic level spinal cord injury (SCI). Functional electrical stimulation (FES) can restore primitive gait in the vicinity of a wheelchair by using electrical stimulation to generate muscle contractions. A new concept for FES-assisted gait is presented that combines electrical stimulation with an orthosis that contains a fluid power system to store and transfer energy during the gait cycle. The Energy Storage Orthosis (ESO) can be driven through a complete gait cycle using only stimulation of the quadriceps muscles. The conceptual design of the ESO was completed and implemented in a dynamic simulation model and in a benchtop prototype for engineering measurements. No studies were conducted with human subjects. The results demonstrate the potential of the ESO concept and the validity of the simulation model as a means for designing the system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages235-241
Number of pages7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004
Event2004 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE - Anaheim, CA, United States
Duration: Nov 13 2004Nov 19 2004

Other

Other2004 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE
CountryUnited States
CityAnaheim, CA
Period11/13/0411/19/04

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    Durfee, W. K., & Rivard, A. (2004). Preliminary design and simulation of a pneumatic, stored-energy, hybrid orthosis for gait restoration. 235-241. Paper presented at 2004 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE, Anaheim, CA, United States. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2004-60075