Pregnancy Intendedness Among Racial and Ethnically Minoritized Women with Disabilities

Anne Valentine, Michael Vetter, Willi Horner-Johnson, Jonathan Snowden, Ilhom Akobirshoev, Jaime Slaughter-Acey, Monika Mitra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: A limited number of studies have examined the prevalence of unintended pregnancy among disabled women. However, no studies to date have examined the association between pregnancy intention and disability, in combination with race and ethnicity. Methods: We analyzed data from the National Survey of Family Growth from the period 2011-2019 to estimate the prevalence of pregnancy intendedness among women with disabilities 15-45 years of age. We compared pregnancy intendedness among respondents with and without disabilities. Modified Poisson regressions were conducted to estimate the unadjusted and adjusted prevalence ratios (with 95% confidence intervals) of unintended pregnancy across disability type and by race and ethnicity category. Non-Hispanic White women without disabilities served as the referent group. Results: Unadjusted results found that women with disabilities in all racial or ethnic groups were significantly more likely to report unintended pregnancies compared with non-Hispanic White women with no disabilities. Non-Hispanic Black women were more than three and a half times (PR = 3.72, 95% CI: 2.91-4.75) more likely than their non-Hispanic White counterparts to report an unintended pregnancy. After adjusting for demographic characteristics, results were slightly attenuated in all categories, with the exception of nondisabled Hispanic women, indicating high prevalence of unintended pregnancies. Conclusions: Racial and ethnic minority women with disabilities may experience heightened risk for unintended pregnancy. Targeted efforts are needed to address barriers to comprehensive sexual and reproductive health care and improve reproductive health outcomes among women who experience multiple forms of marginalization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Women's Health
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright 2024, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers.


  • disability
  • pregnancy
  • race/ethnicity
  • reproductive health
  • unintended


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