Benjamin Kloesel, Michaela K. Farber

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Preeclampsia is defined as persistent hypertension (≥140 systolic and/or ≥90 diastolic) after 20 weeks of gestation in the presence of proteinuria (>300 mg in 24 hours) and occurs in 3% to 5% of all pregnancies (predominantly in nulliparous women). Severe preeclampsia requires the diagnosis of an organ dysfunction (e.g., CNS involvement, oliguria, pulmonary edema), proteinuria of ≥ 5 g in 24 hours or blood pressure of ≥160 systolic or ≥110 diastolic on two occasions at least six hours apart. It needs to be distinguished from chronic hypertension (present before and during pregnancy) and gestational hypertension (occurs after 20 weeks of gestation without organ system involvement).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEssential Clinical Anesthesia Review
Subtitle of host publicationKeywords, Questions and Answers for the Boards
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9781139584005
ISBN (Print)9781107681309
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Cambridge University Press 2015.


  • Chronic hypertension
  • Chronic hypertension with superimposed
  • Eclamptic seizures
  • Gestational hypertension
  • HELLP syndrome
  • Preeclampsia
  • Preeclampsia
  • Uteroplacental blood flow


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