Predictors of hyperacute clinical worsening in ischemic stroke patients receiving thrombolytic therapy

Richard Leigh, Osama O. Zaidat, Muhammad F. Suri, Gwendolyn Lynch, Sophia Sundararajan, Jeffrey L. Sunshine, Robert Tarr, Warren Selman, Dennis Landis, Jose I. Suarez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

106 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Purpose - Although long-term outcome determinants in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients have been defined, less is known about those predicting hyperacute worsening after thrombolytic therapy (TT). We investigated predictors of short-term clinical worsening (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale [NIHSS] change ≥4 within 24 hours of admission). Methods - We studied 201 AIS patients who received TT within 6 hours of symptom onset. We determined baseline demographics, comorbidities, NIHSS at baseline and at 24 hours after TT, head computed tomography scan before and within 24 hours after TT, and angiographic recanalization in patients treated with intra-arterial (IA) thrombolysis. Significance of relationships was evaluated by t test or Wilcoxon signed rank sum test. Logistic regression model (LRM) was fitted to determine independence of significant variables. Results - Of 201 patients, 13% worsened, 39% improved, and 48% remained unchanged 24 hours after TT. Most patients (72%) received IA thrombolysis. Patients who deteriorated, compared with those who improved, were more likely to have complicating intracranial hemorrhage (ICH; P<0.001), absent recanalization (P=0.026), and higher blood glucose (BG; P=0.049). Hyperglycemia (>150 mg/dL) was greater in patients who worsened even in presence of recanalization (P=0.004, odds ratio [OR] 6.47). LRM showed that adjusted OR for increased risk of bad outcome and mortality for an increase of BG by 50 mg/dL is 1.56 and 1.38, respectively. Conclusions - Hyperglycemia and ICH are independent predictors of hyperacute worsening in AIS patients receiving TT. Although recanalization is the purpose of IA thrombolysis, its impact on clinical improvement may not be apparent without strict BG control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1903-1907
Number of pages5
JournalStroke
Volume35
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2004

Keywords

  • Hyperglycemia
  • Intracerebral hemorrhage
  • Outcome
  • Stroke, ischemic
  • Thrombolysis

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