This study examined the predictors of the intention to use condoms with new sexual partners. A sample of heterosexual adult females and males (n = 711) was recruited through various channels. A substantial part of the sample had engaged in risky sexual behavior. Predictors were based on various theoretical models. Compared with men, women were in general more aware of the risks of AIDS and perceived fewer barriers to using condoms, but they also perceived less support for condom use among potential new partners. Among those with a risk factor for HIV infection (n = 514), various types of barriers, absolute and comparative self-efficacy, and three types of social norms were independently related to the intention to use condoms. When including all relevant predictors, self-efficacy, anticipated regret, and descriptive norms in the reference group, were independent predictors of condom use intention among men as well as among women. The implications for prevention are discussed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||24|
|Journal||AIDS Education and Prevention|
|State||Published - Apr 1 1998|