Predictors of Adolescent Breakfast Consumption: Longitudinal Findings from Project EAT

Meg Bruening, Nicole Larson, Mary Story, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Peter Hannan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Objective: To identify predictors of breakfast consumption among adolescents. Methods: Five-year longitudinal study Project EAT (Eating Among Teens). Baseline surveys were completed in Minneapolis-St. Paul schools and by mail at follow-up by youth (n = 800) transitioning from middle to high school. Linear regression models examined associations between baseline predictors and follow-up breakfast consumption. Results: Frequency of breakfast consumption at follow-up was positively associated with baseline breakfast consumption and inversely associated with baseline weight concerns (P < .01). Perceptions of being too rushed in the morning to eat a healthful breakfast were associated with lower breakfast frequency 5 years later among girls (P < .01). After adjusting for baseline breakfast consumption, none of the associations with predictor variables remained statistically significant. Conclusions and Implications: Early adolescence is an important time to establish regular breakfast consumption. Interventions aimed at increasing breakfast consumption should include messages about healthful weight management and ideas for quick, healthful breakfasts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)390-395
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2011

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Data collection was supported by grant number R40-MC00319 from the Maternal and Child Health Bureau (Title V, Social Security Act). A portion of the first author’s (MB) time was also supported by the Leadership Education in Adolescent Health training grant number T71-MC00006 from the Maternal and Child Health Bureau , Department of Health and Human Services.


  • Adolescents
  • Breakfast
  • Social Cognitive Theory


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