Prediction of thirty-day morbidity and mortality after duodenal switch using an artificial neural network

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Understanding factors that increase risk of both mortality and specific measures of morbidity after duodenal switch (DS) is important in deciding to offer this weight loss operation. Artificial neural networks (ANN) are computational deep learning approaches that model complex interactions among input factors to optimally predict an outcome. Here, a comprehensive national database is examined for patient factors associated with poor outcomes, while comparing the performance of multivariate logistic regression and ANN models in predicting these outcomes.

METHODS: 2907 DS patients from the 2019 Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program database were assessed for patient factors associated with the previously validated composite endpoint of 30-day postoperative reintervention, reoperation, readmission, or mortality using bivariate analysis. Variables associated (P ≤ 0.05) with the endpoint were imputed in a multivariate logistic regression model and a three-node ANN with 20% holdback for validation. Goodness-of-fit was assessed using area under receiver operating curves (AUROC).

RESULTS: There were 229 DS patients with the composite endpoint (7.9%), and 12 mortalities (0.4%). Associated patient factors on bivariate analysis included advanced age, non-white race, cardiac history, hypertension requiring 3 + medications (HTN), previous foregut/obesity surgery, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and higher creatinine (P ≤ 0.05). Upon multivariate analysis, independently associated factors were non-white race (odds ratio 1.40; P = 0.075), HTN (1.55; P = 0.038), previous foregut/bariatric surgery (1.43; P = 0.041), and OSA (1.46; P = 0.018). The nominal logistic regression multivariate analysis (n = 2330; R 2  = 0.02, P < 0.001) and ANN (R 2  = 0.06; n = 1863 [training set], n = 467 [validation]) models generated AUROCs of 0.619, 0.656 (training set) and 0.685 (validation set), respectively.

CONCLUSION: Readily obtainable patient factors were identified that confer increased risk of the 30-day composite endpoint after DS. Moreover, use of an ANN to model these factors may optimize prediction of this outcome. This information provides useful guidance to bariatricians and surgical candidates alike.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSurgical endoscopy
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • Artificial neural network
  • Bariatric surgery
  • Duodenal switch
  • Outcomes

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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