Prediction of N, P and K contents in sugarcane leaves by VIS-NIR spectroscopy and NPK interaction effect

Ce Wang, Xiuhua Li, Lijia Wang, Xiao Chen, Ce Yang, Minzan Li, Shaodui Ma

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


The content of N, P and K in sugarcane leaves at seedling stage, tillering stage and elongation stage were detected rapidly by visible - near infrared spectrophotometer. A total of 123 leaf sample s' spectra were collected during the three growth periods. After the outliers were detected, 117 valid samples were obtained and spectral data of all samples were preprocessed. Using the spectral data processed by CARS-PCA as an independent variable, a 6-fold cross-validated PLS model for N, P, and K content was established. The R2 of the CARS-PCA-PLS model for N, P, K prediction were 0.8591, 0.6769, and 0.9321, respectively. Correlation analysis of the predicted N, P, and K contents were further implemented to explore the interaction effect between NPK. To simulate the interaction effect between those three major nutrients, 19 factors include possible linear, quadratic, cubic relations between NPK were assumed, multi-factor cubic polynomial regression PLS and MLR correction models were established from those factors. In the modified MLR model, the determinants of N, P and K were respectively 0.8908, 08019 and 0.9139, which improved the performance of the model by 3.7%, 18.5% and 1.3% compared with the CARS-PCA-PLS model which only based on the spectral reflectance data. The results show that the application of visible-near-infrared spectrum combined with interaction effects can effectively predict the content of N, P and K in the sugarcane growing stage. It provides important guiding significance for rapid real-time monitoring of sugarcane growth and fertility management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - 2018
EventASABE 2018 Annual International Meeting - Detroit, United States
Duration: Jul 29 2018Aug 1 2018


ConferenceASABE 2018 Annual International Meeting
Country/TerritoryUnited States

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers. All rights reserved.


  • Interaction effect
  • NPK
  • Sugarcane Leaves
  • Visible -NIR Spectroscopy


Dive into the research topics of 'Prediction of N, P and K contents in sugarcane leaves by VIS-NIR spectroscopy and NPK interaction effect'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this