Prediction of 30-Day Morbidity and Mortality After Conversion of Sleeve Gastrectomy to Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: Use of an Artificial Neural Network

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Abstract

Background: Conversion of sleeve gastrectomy to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is indicated primarily for unsatisfactory weight loss or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). This study aimed to use a comprehensive database to define predictors of 30-day reoperation, readmission, reintervention, or mortality. An artificial neural network (ANN) was employed to optimize prediction of the composite endpoint (occurrence of 1+ morbid event). Methods: Areview of 8895 patients who underwent conversion for weight-related or GERD-related indications was performed using the 2021 MBSAQIP national dataset. Demographics, comorbidities, laboratory values, and other factors were assessed for bivariate and subsequent multivariable associations with the composite endpoint (P ≤.05). Factors considered in the multivariable model were imputed into a three-node ANN with 20% randomly withheld for internal validation, to optimize predictive accuracy. Models were compared using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Results: 39% underwent conversion for weight considerations and 61% for GERD. Rates of 30-day reoperation, readmission, reintervention, mortality, and the composite endpoint were 3.0%, 7.1%, 2.1%,.1%, and 9.1%, respectively. Of the nine factors associated with the composite endpoint on bivariate analysis, only non-white race (P <.001; odds ratio 1.4), lower body-mass index (P <.001; odds ratio.22), and therapeutic anticoagulation (P =.001; odds ratio 2.0) remained significant upon multivariable analysis. Areas under ROC curves for the multivariable regression, ANN training, and validation sets were.587,.601, and.604, respectively. Discussion: Identification of risk factors for morbidity after conversion offers critical information to improve patient selection and manage postoperative expectations. ANN models, with appropriate clinical integration, may optimize prediction of morbidity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1202-1210
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Surgeon
Volume90
Issue number6
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2024.

Keywords

  • bariatrics
  • general surgery

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