Predicting Tasks from Task-fMRI Using Blind Source Separation

Bhaskar Sen, Keshab K. Parhi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Signal estimation from functional magnetic resonance imaging data (fMRI) is a difficult and challenging task that involves carefully chosen models that can be validated by domain experts. Blind source separation (BSS) techniques such as principal component analysis (PCA), independent component analysis (ICA), and tensor decomposition have been proposed for estimating the task-fMRI signals. However, few studies have investigated their efficacy for classifying different tasks. This paper proposes yet another novel method to validate the signal estimation using predictive performance of the methods. Three commonly used BSS techniques are used for estimating signals (spatio-temporal maps) from task-fMRI. The dataset (consisting of 4 tasks) is taken from the Human Connectome Project (HCP). The extracted temporal signals are used to train a classifier that classifies two different tasks. For a binary classification, a Constrained-PARAFAC tensor decomposition achieves 92% accuracy for differentiating gambling vs. relational tasks. In addition, results for other binary task classifications are also presented. Overall, the proposed Constrained-PARAFAC performs better in prediction performance compared to PCA and ICA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationConference Record - 53rd Asilomar Conference on Circuits, Systems and Computers, ACSSC 2019
EditorsMichael B. Matthews
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages2201-2205
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781728143002
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2019
Event53rd Asilomar Conference on Circuits, Systems and Computers, ACSSC 2019 - Pacific Grove, United States
Duration: Nov 3 2019Nov 6 2019

Publication series

NameConference Record - Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers
Volume2019-November
ISSN (Print)1058-6393

Conference

Conference53rd Asilomar Conference on Circuits, Systems and Computers, ACSSC 2019
CountryUnited States
CityPacific Grove
Period11/3/1911/6/19

Keywords

  • fMRI
  • Human Connectome Project
  • ICA
  • PARAFAC
  • PCA spatial map
  • task signal
  • tensor decomposition

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  • Cite this

    Sen, B., & Parhi, K. K. (2019). Predicting Tasks from Task-fMRI Using Blind Source Separation. In M. B. Matthews (Ed.), Conference Record - 53rd Asilomar Conference on Circuits, Systems and Computers, ACSSC 2019 (pp. 2201-2205). [9049015] (Conference Record - Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers; Vol. 2019-November). IEEE Computer Society. https://doi.org/10.1109/IEEECONF44664.2019.9049015