Predicting Male vs. Female from Task-fMRI Brain Connectivity

Bhaskar Sen, Keshab K. Parhi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A number of behavioral and cognitive functions of brain differ between male and female. Occurrences of psychiatric disorders, e.g., attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, autism, depression and schizophrenia also vary from male to female. Understanding the unique cognitive expressions in gender-specific brain functions may lead to insights into the risks and associated responses for a certain external simulation or medications. Previously resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (r-fMRI) has been used extensively to understand gender differences using functional network connectivity analysis. However, how the brain functional network changes during a cognitive task for different genders is relatively unknown. This paper makes use of a large data set to test whether task-fMRI functional connectivity can be utilized to predict male vs. female. In addition, it also identifies functional connectivity features that are most predictive of gender. The cognitive task-fMRI data consisting 475 healthy controls is taken from the Human Connectome Project (HCP) database. Pearson correlation coefficients are extracted using mean time-series from anatomical brain regions. Partial least squares (PLS) regression with feature selection on the correlation coefficients achieves a classification accuracy of 0.88 for classifying male vs. female using emotion task data. In addition it is found that inter hemispheric connectivity is most important for predicting gender from task-fMRI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages4089-4092
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781538613115
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2019
Event41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019 - Berlin, Germany
Duration: Jul 23 2019Jul 27 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019
CountryGermany
CityBerlin
Period7/23/197/27/19

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Keywords

  • FMRI
  • Gender Classification
  • Human Connectome Project
  • Partial Least Squares

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

Cite this

Sen, B., & Parhi, K. K. (2019). Predicting Male vs. Female from Task-fMRI Brain Connectivity. In 2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2019 (pp. 4089-4092). [8857236] (Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2019.8857236