Predicting benzene fluxes in NaX membranes from atomistic simulations of cooperative diffusivities

Harikrishnan Ramanan, Scott M. Auerbach, Michael Tsapatsis

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In the preceding companion article, we reported high-temperature molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to trace single-molecule as well as collective mean square displacements over a range of temperatures (600-1500 K) and loadings (infinite dilution to four benzenes per supercage) to evaluate respectively the self-diffusivities and cooperative (alternatively Maxwell-Stefan) diffusivities of benzene in NaX (Si:Al = 1.2). In this follow-up article, we use the loading- and temperature-dependent Maxwell-Stefan diffusivities to predict single-component fluxes for benzene in NaX membranes at steady state as a function of typical experimental parameters such as temperature, benzene feed side and permeate side partial pressures. We explore whether support resistances need to be included in our transport model. We compare our model predictions with experimental permeation data and find that our MD-simulated diffusivities overestimate experimental fluxes by about 2 orders of magnitude when support resistance is ignored. On the other hand, when support resistances are included, our predictions come within 1 order of magnitude of experimental data. The remaining discrepancy, which is analogous to those between microscopic and macroscopic probes of diffusion in zeolites, may arise from defects within zeolite membranes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17179-17187
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Issue number44
StatePublished - Nov 4 2004


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