Predictability of streamflow and particulate organic matter concentration as indicators of stability in prairie streams

B. H. Hill, T. J. Gardner, O. F. Ekisola

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10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Predictability of stream discharge and particulate organic matter (POM) in the water column was estimated, using Colwell's indices of constancy and contingency, for 6 Texas prairie streams (1 each of 2nd, 3rd, and 4th order with intermittent or perennial discharge). Stream discharge in these 6 prairie streams varied between 0 and 36000 1 s-1, depending on the stream and season. Predictability (P) of discharge in these streams ranged from 0.45 to 0.62, within the range of values expected for North American streams. Predictability of stream discharge was not significantly different between streams. Particulate organic matter concentrations in these prairie streams are relatively low, ranging from 0.25 to 4.00 mg AFDM 1-1. Predictability of POM concentration in these streams was high, ranging from 0.75 to 0.85, and was largely the result of constancy of POM concentrations. Within the different POM size classes, Fine POM (FPOM) had the highest predictability (P = 0.89-0.96). In spite of relatively unpredictable stream discharge, POM remained fairly constant providing a measure of habitat predictability and stability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-18
Number of pages12
JournalHydrobiologia
Volume242
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1992

Keywords

  • POM
  • prairie streams
  • predictability
  • stability
  • stream flow

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