Precoding Normalized Differential Spatial Modulation with Non-Constant Modulus Constellations

Yuanqi Jia, Yajun Fan, Ning Wang, Jun Zhu, Xiaomin Mu, Liuqing Yang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Differential spatial modulation (DSM) is a novel multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) transmission technology that uses the transmit antenna index matrices to carry part of the information in non-coherent communication scenarios. However, when high-order modulation should be used for spectral efficiency considerations, the conventional use of constant modulus Phase Shift Keying (PSK) constellations in DSM would result in significant performance loss, whereas using non-constant modulus constellations such as Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) in DSM is very challenging because the peak signal power may grow without bound through the differential iterative processing. In this work, a generalized transmission scheme that uses non-constant modulus constellations for DSM signaling is investigated. By normalizing the power of all symbols in the previous transmit matrix when performing differential transmission, the Precoding Normalized DSM (PN-DSM) scheme which can adopt non-constant modulus constellations is proposed. In addition to the legacy QAM, another two non-constant modulus constellations in the literature, Amplitude Phase Shift Keying (APSK) and star-QAM, are considered for PN-DSM transmissions. It is revealed by numerical studies that, compared with the legacy QAM, APSK and star-QAM are more robust to the error propagation issue of the proposed PN-DSM scheme. In addition, because of the increased minimum distance in the constellation, the star-QAM slightly outperforms the APSK in terms of the average error rate performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2019 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781538680889
StatePublished - May 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2019 - Shanghai, China
Duration: May 20 2019May 24 2019

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Communications
ISSN (Print)1550-3607


Conference2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under grant No. 61771431, the Open Research Fund of National Mobile Communications Research Laboratory, Southeast University under grant No. 2015D04, and the Outstanding Young Talent Research Fund of Zhengzhou University under Grant 1621318001.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 IEEE.


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